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Hard labor : the first African Americans, 1619 /

Hard labor : the first African Americans, 1619 /
McKissack, Pat, 1944-
Copies: 1; Reserves: 0

Tells the stories of the twenty Africans who came to Alexandria, Virginia, in 1619 as indentured servants, hoping to serve their sentences and begin new lives in the New World. Simultaneous.

Call NumberBranchStatusVolume
J 973.0496 McKissack SP In at SP (Spencer Road)

 catalog record

Control No. 441560
LCCN 2003110501
ISBN 0689861508
ISBN 9780689861505
Author McKissack Pat 1944
Title Hard labor : -- the first African Americans, 1619 / -- by Patricia C. McKissack & Frederick L. McKissack, Jr. ; illustrated by Joseph Daniel Fiedler.
Edition Statement 1st Aladdin Library ed.
Publisher Information New York : -- Aladdin, -- c2004.
Physical Description xi, 68 p. : -- ill. ; -- 20 cm.
Series Title Milestone books
Subject Indentured servants United States History 17th century
Subject Slavery United States History 17th century
Subject African Americans History
Alternate Author McKissack Fredrick Jr
Alternate Author Fiedler Joseph Daniel

 annotations (2)

Annotation 1 Tells the stories of the twenty Africans who came to Alexandria, Virginia, in 1619 as indentured servants, hoping to serve their sentences and begin new lives in the New World. Simultaneous.

Annotation 2 Celebrates the lives of the first Africans arriving in America, depicting their hardships, triumphs, and contributions to American society.


 reviews (4)

Booklist Monthly Selections - #2 February 2004
Gr. 5-8. The McKissacks take on a difficult and disturbing subject in this small history in the Milestone Books series, an account of the very first Africans who came to this country in the early seventeenth century: who they were, why they came, and what happened to them and their descendants. It is clear throughout how difficult it is to know what really happened ("probably" is a frequent qualifier in the text), but that's all part of the important story, "the facts blurred by centuries of neglect." What is known is that the first black citizens were not slaves, but indentured servants, like many whites. One fascinating chapter focuses on Anthony Johnson, who married a black woman and raised a free, successful family. But then racism became the law, and made only the blacks permanent slaves. The type is big and clear, with occasional black-and-white illustrations, but middle-graders will need adult help with the sweeping history, which includes an overview of slavery around the world. There's a useful list of "Virtual Visits" to four Web sites, including one on Anthony Johnson. ((Reviewed February 15, 2004)) Copyright 2004 Booklist Reviews.

Horn Book Guide Reviews 2004 Fall
These books, accompanied by black-and-white illustrations, are poor choices for report writers. The lack of maps, an index, or a bibliography makes these books less than useful. [cf2]Hard Labor[cf1] benefits from a timeline and list of websites but covers too many topics, which results in a confusing narrative. [Review covers these Milestone Books titles: [cf2]Hard Labor[cf1] and [cf2]The Alamo[cf1].] Copyright 2004 Horn Book Guide Reviews.

Kirkus Reviews 2003 December #2
The McKissacks tell the story of the first African-Americans in America in an addition to the Milestone Books series. Unfortunately, they take a straightforward story and make it confusing. They try to let young readers know that some of the black settlers were actually indentured servants, capable of earning freedom and owning property and slaves themselves. The most interesting story is of one Anthony Johnson, a servant who earns his freedom, marries, owns land, and eventually wins a lawsuit that returns his escaped black "servant" to him. Investigation into the Web sites provided by the authors makes it clear that Johnson owned a slave, not a "servant." At times, the authors awkwardly address the reader directly-on the subject of slavery, for instance: "Reading about it too can be equally as stressful." Or "remember, slaves were not slaves simply because they were Africans." In other places, the vocabulary is too challenging for the intended audience. There are many stories in this volume that would make interesting history for the young reader; too bad they are sloppily combined into one choppy offering. (timeline, Web sites) (Nonfiction. 7-10) Copyright Kirkus 2003 Kirkus/BPI Communications.All rights reserved.

SLJ Reviews 2004 March
Gr 4-6-The authors begin with an overview of slavery, and the informative text dispels misconceptions about the arrival of Africans in the New World. The text explains that they came not only as slaves but also as indentured servants, that they owned land and servants, accompanied European explorers and conquistadors, and were instrumental in settling North America. Full-page, black-and-white illustrations support the narrative. The research is not supported by a bibliography or source notes, and the lack of a table of contents and index makes it difficult for students to find specific facts. Barring these shortcomings, this well-written offering will stimulate interest and spark discussions.-Tracy Bell, Durham Public Schools, NC Copyright 2004 Reed Business Information.


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